CMS Citations

This page will only show some general tips for citing sources and offer a brief sample of some frequently used citations. Please consult your writing/grammar handbook or instructor for more specific questions and guidance.

Chicago citations (also referred to as Turabian) are based on the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS). CMS offers two different ways of citing sources in a paper:

  • Full first note + Short notes (Any time a new source is cited, full or complete information is listed in the footnote or endnote. When a previous source is cited again at another point in the paper, a short, less-complete note is used).
  • Short notes + Bibliography (Any time a source is cited in the paper, a short footnote or endnote is given, and fuller, more complete information is listed for all sources on a separate bibliography page).

In Microsoft Word, footnotes and endnotes can be created by selecting the “References” tab. First, place the cursor at the end of the sentence that you are paraphrasing or quoting from an outside source, and then click on “Insert Footnote” or “Insert Endnote.”

Examples

A Book

Full first note: Author's first name and last name. Title of book. (Publication city: Publisher, year published).

John Smith. The Anatomy of the Child. (New York: Harper Collins, 2005).

Short note: Author’s last name, Title of book, page number(s).

Smith, The Anatomy of the Child, 24-25.

Bibliography: Author's last name, first name. Title of book. Publication city: Publisher, year published.

Smith, John. The Anatomy of the Child. New York: Harper Collins, 2005.

A Chapter in an Edited Book

Full first note: Author's first name and last name, “Chapter title,” in Title of book, Editor’s name (Publication city: Publisher, year published), page numbers of chapter.

Stephen Crane. “An Open Boat,” in The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction, ed. R.V. Cassill (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2002), 335-354.

Short note: Author’s last name, “Title of chapter,” page number(s).

Crane, “An Open Boat,” 336.

Bibliography: Author's last name, first name. “Chapter title.” In Title of book, edited by Editor’s name, page numbers of chapter. Publication city: Publisher, year published.

Crane, Stephen. “An Open Boat.” In The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction, edited by R.V. Cassill, 335-354. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2002.

An Article in a Magazine or Newspaper

Full first note: Author's first name and last name, “Article title,” Magazine title, date of publication (edition), page number(s).

Susan Brooks, "Cyberspace is Warping our Kids," Newsweek, May 6, 2006, 22-25.

Short note: Author’s last name, “Article title,” page number.

Brooks, “Cyberspace is Warping,” 23.

Bibliography: Newspaper and magazine articles are rarely included in bibliographies.

An Article in a Journal

Full first note: Author's first name and last name, “Article title,” Journal title issue or series number (date of publication): page number(s).

4Eugene Danforth, “The AIDS Epidemic,” JAMA 49 (January 2006): 120-126.

Short note: Author’s last name, “Article title,” page number.

Danforth, “The AIDS Epidemic,” 122.

Bibliography: Author’s last name, first name. “Article title.” Journal title issue or series number (date of publication): page number(s).

Danforth, Eugene. "The AIDS epidemic." JAMA 49 (January 2006): 120-126.

A Film

Full first note: Title of film. Medium, director (year of original release; city: distributor, year of release on DVD).

It's a Wonderful Life. DVD, dir. Frank Capra (1946; Los Angeles: Republic Pictures, 2001).

Short note: Title of film.

It's a Wonderful Life.

Bibliography: Title of film. Medium. Director. Performers. Screenplay by screenwriter’s name. Year of original release; Distributor, year of release on DVD.

It's a Wonderful Life. DVD. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart. Screenplay by Frances Goodrich, Albert Hackett, and Frank Capra. 1946; Republic Pictures, 2001.

Professional Website

Full first note: Title of website, editor, URL.

UW Colleges On-line Writing Lab, ed. Sara Pagliaroni, http://uwc.edu/students/academic-support/owl/cms.

Short note: Title of website.

UW Colleges On-line Writing Lab.

Bibliography: Title of website. Edited byEditor’s name. URL.

UW Colleges On-line Writing Lab. Edited by Sara Pagliaroni. http://uwc.edu/students/academic-support/owl/cms

Work from a Subscription Service (for example: EBSCOhost, Lexis-Nexis, ProQuest)

Full first note: Author's first name and last name, “Article title,” Journal title issue or series number (date of publication), in Name of Database or Subscription Service [online database]. Publisher. Accessed: date. Available: Library’s name.

Jacob Williams, “The ADD Epidemic,” Psychology Update 34 (June 2005), in ProQuest Health and Medical Complete [online database], ProQuest Direct. Accessed: December 4, 2009. Available: UW Colleges Online Library.

Short note: Author’s last name, “Article title.”

Williams, “The ADD Epidemic.”

Bibliography: Author's last name, first name. “Article title.” Journal title In Name of Database or Subscription Service [online database]. Publisher. Accessed date. Available: Library’s name. issue or series number (date of publication).

Williams, Jacob. "The ADD Epidemic." Psychology Update 34 (June 2005). In ProQuest Health and Medical Complete [online database]. ProQuest Direct. Accessed: December 4, 2009. Available: UW Colleges Online Library.